Pecan is one of the most important native nut trees in North America. It is a large, straight-trunked tree native to river bottoms and rich fertile soils. The trees develop a broad, almost flat-topped crown, composed of vase-shaped branches, with a large relatively short trunk. The nut, a beloved pie ingredient, ripens in the fall.
- Scientific name: Carya illinoinensis
- Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves)
- Range: orig. Mississippi Valley and west into Texas; now across much of the U.S.
- Height: up to 140 ft. (in the landscape, 60-70 ft. high, 40-60 ft. wide is common)
- Nuts: long, thin-shelled, brown nut
- Fall colors: yellow
If Trees Could Sing…
Click here to see Amy Grant talk about one of her favorite trees. Video courtesy of The Nature Conservancy and Amy Grant.