Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis), also called swamp hickory, is a large pecan hickory with commercial stands located mostly north of the other pecan hickories. Bitternut hickory is cut and sold in mixture with the true hickories. It is the shortest-lived of the hickories, living to about 200 years. 

Bitternut Hickory Facts

  • Scientific name: Carya cordiformis
  • Height: 50-70 feet tall
  • Fruit: nuts with four-winged husks and are thin-shelled, non-edible
  • Fall colors: yellow-brown